Giuoco Piano | Italian Game Theory

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The Giuoco Piano (“the quiet game”) is one of the oldest, most famous and most heavily analyzed openings in history.

For an introduction to the Italian Game, watch this video on the basics:

Watch the other variations of the Italian covered in detail:

The Evans Gambit:
Two Knights Defense, Knight Attack:
The Deutz Gambit:
Fried Liver Attack:
Traxler Counterattack:
Two Knights Defense, Modern Bishop’s Opening:
Hungarian Defense:

The Giuoco Piano is the first recorded chess opening in history. It dates back to the Renaissance, and its theory was developed in the 16th century. The name can be translated from Italian as quiet or slow game, but don’t let it mislead you, it’s a very complex and exciting opening.

I believe that it requires you to understand positional, strategical and tactical aspects of chess in order to master it, and that that’s the reason the opening remains one of the most popular and most often played on all levels. It combines every skill a player must have. This is why it’s a perfect choice for beginner to intermediate players as a tool to improve at chess and develop their senses over the board.

Another reason why the Giuoco Piano is a very important weapon for an e4 player to add to his repertoire, is the fact that it revolves around ideas, rather than forced lines which require you to memorize 20 moves of theory. It requires you to understand a position rather than know it perfectly.

The Giuoco Piano allows you to develop your plans during a middlegame, think ahead, anticipate your opponents maneuvers and try to prevent them. A wonderful opening which never gets boring.

Studying it and getting better at the Giuoco Piano will not work unless you develop a feeling for the positions which it results in. Unlike some other openings, this one, I believe, requires you to understand it deeply. The best way to do that is to play it. You should start by studying games of the great players who have employed it (Carlsen, Caruana, Kasparov…) and see what their ideas were.

After you have collected enough knowledge, go and try those ideas out! Good luck!



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24 thoughts on “Giuoco Piano | Italian Game Theory”

  1. I actually don't like the Giuoco Pianissimo. Why? Because it's almost identical to the closed Ruy Lopez, and that's not what I play the Italian for. I usually go for either the Deutz gambit or Evans gambit.

  2. A very nice video. Focusing on the strategical ideas (with some relevant tatical warnings) is really helpful, and, I'd argue, far more important for beginners like myself, and I'm glad that's just what you did. Keep it up!

  3. "the Giuco Pianissimo… One of the most wonderful positions in all of chess…where to begin?" Great passion man! Really cool

  4. I love all e4 e5 positions for white, but I starting to prefer d4 simpy because it is so goddamn many other openings that get played. Caro Kann, Sicilian with sooo much theory and French. I can't be asked lol

  5. hi, thank you very much. It was very interesting, covers well both strategy and tactics and presented very clear and nicely. much like 🙂

  6. Conceitualy speaking, a bishop outside the pawn chain is better than the "good bishop", you know, that one of color different from the central pawns ?

  7. Wow-what an awesome opening. So many interesting ideas. Definitely going to make this a main opening of mine.

  8. HI STJEPAN…….

    Which opening should a begginer rated about 1000 will play ?

    From both colours…..

    U explaining openings in very simple way

    Useful for us

    Thanks from INDIA

  9. You are the best,
    Nobody can replace u
    Thanks, you are more helpful for the upcoming players who can not afford expensive coaches

  10. for the center attack, white doesn’t have to defend with bishop. they can defend with knight and set up for a deadly trap that causes white a large positional advantage

  11. good video, but the idea of 9. h3 is not to prevent Bg4 but Ng4, after 9. Re1 Ng4 10. Re2 Kh8 black scores very well

  12. Love from India ❤️❤️ Thank You for such clear opening guides and giving aims, concept and behavior of a certain variation rather than just move sequences, Thank You Again and Keep Up the Good Work!! 🙏🙏
    ( One small request of mine is for you to cover the semi-Italian game which is the move d6 because I recently lost a game in that line and can't seem to find good theory on it, Thanks!! )

  13. Like someone commented earlier 7.Nc3 is totally fine and Leeds to a variation called the Möller attack and if black does not know the next 10 or so moves he could get into trouble.


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